If you were Mason Jones you would accumulate these
Mouthpieces

(click on images for larger view)

Mason Jones (1919 - 2009), the legendary long-time principal horn player of the Philadelphia Orchestra, accumulated the 53 mouthpieces shown below. As found they fall into four categories: mouthpieces in pouches, wooden mouthpieces, those boxed labeled "to be plated" and those he designated as "odd shapes, impractical." Aside from those in leather pouches, they were simply mixed in several cardboard boxes, hence the term "accumulation" is used rather than "collection." Most of them were probably sent to him unsolicited for his evaluation, although a couple were attempts to duplicate his own favorite.  

Mr. Jones carried his regular playing mouthpiece in a pouch in his pocket rather than in his horn case. Five mouthpieces are in pouches as shown below. According to the liner notes of his Music Minus One recording (MMO  8047, 1973) "For this Laureate Series Recording, Mason Jones used a German silver Horner Model Kruspe double horn made in 1936. He used a Kruspe mouthpiece with a narrow flat rim and funnel interior." In a 1978 video recording he can be seen playing on a gold-plated mouthpiece like the one identified as "MJ Kruspe 1" in the table below. It is assumed that this or the silver-plated one labeled "MJ Kruspe 2" were his daily drivers. (Note: in the tables below designations enclosed in brackets, [ ], are only for reference in this article and were not indicated by Mr. Jones.)

Also pictured below is a Bach number 18 mouthpiece labeled with adhesive tape "my first" with its original velvet-lined wooden case. It is probably the one Mr. Jones used while he was a high school student in Hamilton, New York, before beginning his studies with Anton Horner at the Curtis Institute, Philadelphia in 1936.

Two other apparently Kruspe mouthpieces are shown with essentially the same dimensions1 but approximately 1 cm. shallower interiors. They are very similar to the mouthpiece seen at left in a photo of Anton Horner. In notes accompanying the mouthpiece collection, Mr. Jones mentions loaning out a "Berv Kruspe mouthpiece." Arthur Berv had also been a student of Anton Horner and was Mr. Jones' predecessor as principal horn in the Philadelphia Orchestra. He also played a Horner model Kruspe horn, so it is assumed that these had been either Mr. Berv's or possibly Mr. Horner's mouthpieces. They are labeled "Berv Kruspe 1" and "Berv Kruspe 2."

Finally, there is a a custom fllugelhorn mouthpiece by Philadelphia maker Vincent Dell'osa, having the same inside diameter as the Kruspe horn mouthpieces but with a slightly wider rim. Mr. Jones owned a flugelhorn which he was known to play on occasion for particularly high baroque pieces such as the cantata's of J.S. Bach.2 There are several other flugelhorn mouthpieces in collection but they have somewhat wider rims 

Name
Description
O.D. (mm)
I.D. (mm)
Rim
(mm)
Throat
(AWG)
Depth (mm)
Length (mm)
Shank (mm)
tip   <->  2.0 cm
Wt. (grams)
[MJ Kruspe 1] gold plate
23.90
17.50
3.20
9
40.0
63.75
7.00
8.20
18
[MJ Kruspe 2] silver plate
23.95
17.50
3.2+
9
41.5
64.30
6.90
8.00
20
[Berv Kruspe 1] silver plate
23.70
17.50
3.10
9
29.4
64.15
7.10
8.15
16
[Berv Kruspe 2] silver plate
23.85
17.50
3.2-
9
29.4
62.30
7.10
8.15
18
Dell'osa [flugel?] brass
24.90
17.50
3.70
27
12.6
88.15
9.80
10.65
86
Bach 18  ("My First") silver plate
23.60
16.00
3.80
15
29.0
66.40
6.90
7.95
32
[MJ Kruspe 1]
[MJ Kruspe 2]
[Berv Kruspe 1]
[Berv Kruspe 2]
Dell'osa [flgl?]
Bach 18 ("My First")
    


On May 17, 1955 Ward O. Fearn 3 filed an application for a United States patent for "Wooden Mouthpieces for Brass Wind Musical Instruments." The patent was granted on June 16, 1959. At the time Mr. Fearn was second horn in the Philadelphia Orchestra where Mason Jones was pincipal. Mr. Jones had four of these "Fearnwood" mouthpieces shown below. The one identified here as [1] appears to be a copy of Mr. Jones personal mouthpiece (identified above as [MJ Kruspe 1]) and shows signs of actual use. Fearnwood [2] appears to be a copy of "Berv" Kruspe mouthpieces and  Fearnwood [3] appears to be a copy of another mouthpiece identified further below as [MJ 29]. (At the time of this writing the [MJ 29] is out on loan and has not yet been measured.)  The fourth Fearnwood mouthpiece shown appears to be for a Flugelhorn.
Name
Description
O.D. (mm)
I.D. (mm)
Rim
(mm)
Throat
(AWG)
Depth (mm)
Length (mm)
Shank (mm)
tip  <->   2.0 cm
Wt. (grams)
Fearnwood [1] wood
23.80
17.90
2.95
7
49.2
62.85
7.00
8.15
3
Fearnwood [2] wood
24.10
17.10
3.50
9
38.7
64.75
7.20
8.60
3
Fearnwood [3] wood
24.50
17.30
3.60
9
41.0
63.65
7.25
8.30
4
Fearnwood  [4 flugelhorn?] wood
26.00
16.00
5.00
16
24.0
89.00
9.50
10.50
10
Fearnwood [1]
Fearnwood [2]
Fearnwood [3]

Fearnwood [4 flugelhorn?]


 
   xxx
Name
Description
O.D. (mm)
I.D. (mm)
Rim
(mm)
Throat
(AWG)
Depth (mm)
Length (mm)
Shank (mm)
tip   <->  2.0 cm
Wt. (grams)
[MJ 1] nickel-silver
25.00
17.00 4.00
5
39.5
65.00
7.20
8.15
30
[MJ 2] ("Harclerode") nickel-silver
25.20
17.50
3.85
9
30.0
69.75
7.00
8.00
40
[MJ 3] nickel-silver
25.25
17.75
3.75
9
36.5
68.85
6.70
8.10+
40
[MJ 4] nickel-silver
25.00
17.00
4.00
5
36.5
64.42
7.15
8.20
33
[MJ 5] brass
24.90
17.40
3.75
21
30.0
65.00
7.65
8.90
36
[MJ 6] brass
24.40
17.00
3.70
2
48.5
68.00
6.90
8.00
32
[MJ 7] brass (rim bent)
---
---
3.80
16
30.5
63.60
7.60
8.50
35
[MJ 8] brass (some gold plate)
24.15
17.15
3.50
8
41.5
66.40
7.24
8.30
26
[MJ 9] silver plate
24.35
16.35
4.00
18
20.5
67.55
7.50
8.55+
57
[MJ 1]
[MJ 2] ("Harclerode")
[MJ 3]
[MJ 4]
[MJ 5]
[MJ 6]
[MJ 7]
[MJ 8]
[MJ 9]
Alexander  Mainz 3 nickel silver
24.50
16.50
4.00
28
22.5
65.85
7.50
8.15
35
Giardinelli S14 silver plate
24.60
16.60
4.00
15
28.75
62.00
7.50
8.60
37
Vincent Dell'osa  [flugelhorn?] brass
25.00
17.00
4.00
8
38.1
67.00
8.90
10.50
51
H.N.White Co.  H-4 silver plate
25.20
17.00
4.10
9
31.0
68.30
6.90
8.05
36
[MJ 29]
silver plate









Vincent Dell'osa brass









Alexander Mainz 3
Giardinelli S14
Giardinelli S14

Vincent Dell'osa [flugelhorn?]
H.N.White Co. H-4
[MJ 29]
[MJ 29]

Vincent Dell'osa


  Ward Fearn (
Name
Description
O.D. (mm)
I.D. (mm)
Rim
(mm)
Throat
(AWG)
Depth (mm)
Length (mm)
Shank (mm)
tip     2.0 cm
Wt. (grams)
[MJ 10] silver plate with bit
24.75
17.15
3.80
9
45.0
61.95
6.50
7.50
17
[MJ 10a] bit for above
---
---
---
---
---
35.50
7.05
7.95
5
[MJ 11] gold plate?
23.10-
16.80
3.15
18
51.6
88.00
7.20
8.50
38
[MJ 12] brass
24.20
15.50
4.35
1
33.0
63.25
7.40
8.30
21
[MJ 13] brass
24.50
15.50
4.50
.25"
40.0
65.30
7.25
8.25
19
[MJ 14] brass
23.10
16.60
3.25
8
43.0
61.80
7.40
8.10
19
[MJ 15] brass
22.25
17.25
2.50
7
40.0
63.90
7.15
8.30
27
[MJ 16] brass
23.50
17.70
2.90
13
37.8
64.65
7.25
8.40
27
[MJ 10]
[MJ 10a]
[MJ 10 + 10a]
[MJ 11]
[MJ 12]
[MJ 13]
[MJ 14]
[MJ 15]
[MJ 16]

[MJ 17] brass
24.00
16.20
3.90
18
32.5
63.10
7.35
8.40
36
[MJ 18] brass (rim is uneven)
23.20 16.9 3.15 10
37.7
64.75
7.50
8.50
25
[MJ 19]  Kaempf's brass, seamed rim and body
24.00
17.0
3.50
5
52.8
63.10
7.55
8.85
18
[MJ 20] brass
24.95
17.5
3.75-
12
47.7
62.10
7.80
8.25
22
[MJ 21] silver plate
25.35
16.55
4.40
20
26.8
65.00
7.35
8.55+
45
[MJ 22] silver plate
23.85
16.65
3.60
1
21.8
64.50
7.40
8.50
29
[MJ 23] nickel-silver
23.35
16.75
3.3
.25"
30.7
62.05
7.20
8.15
26
[MJ 24] nickel-silver
24.00
16.70
3.65
3
44.5
70.95
7.30
8.30
28
[MJ 25] silver plate
25.10
15.90
4.60
20
24.0
63.55
7.25
8.25
32
[MJ 17]
[MJ 18]
[MJ 19] Kaempf's
[MJ 20]
[MJ 21]
[MJ 22]
[MJ 23]
[MJ 24]
[MJ 25]

[MJ 26] silver plate
26.45
15.95
5.25
22
14.1
58.25
7.60
8.75
35
[MJ 27] silver plate
27.10
17.30
4.90
10
31.3
65.20
7.25
8.20
36
Sansone silver plate
22.05
16.75
2.65
10
29.0
64.65
7.50
8.00
26
Sansone silver plate
24.05
16.75
3.65
10
30.0
65.25
7.50
8.05
29
Yamaha 31 silver plate
25.45
16.55
4.45
14
33.6
63.80
7.30
8.35
36
Alexander 10 silver plate
27.50
17.30
5.10
18
17.1
66.10
7.65
8.20
40
Alexander 12 silver plate
27.50
17.30
5.10
18
27..5
66.00
7.70
8.20
35
Alexander 12









[MJ 26]
[MJ 27]
Sansone
Sansone
Yamaha 31
Alexander 10
Alexander 12
Alexander 12
Alexander 12

Calicchio brass 24.25 16.35 3.95 3.95 35.5 -
38.0
65.25 7.30 8.20 57
"Hurricanes"  [flugelhorn ?] silver plate
26.75
16.55
5.10
22
12.5
66.0
10.30
10.90
59
Bach 3C [flugelhorn] silver plate/brass rim
24.65
17.15
3.75
23
19.4
66.35
9.40
10.35
64
[MJ 28] brass









Calicchio
"Hurricanes"
                                  [flugelhorn ?]
"Hurricanes"
 [flugelhorn ?]

Bach 3C [flugelhorn]
[MJ 28]
[MJ 28]





 
Acknowledgements

Many thanks to the estate of Mason Jones for donating the mouthpiece collection.

 
Notes
1.  External dimensions were measured with a Mitutoyo 505-636-50 dial caliper with accuracy to .05 mm. Shank diameters were measured at the tip and at 2.0 cm depth (center axis, not along the edge) as a typical mouthpiece insertion depth. Throat or bore size was measured with American Wire Gauge (AWG) drill bits, the U.S. standard for mouthpiece bore. Cup depth was estimated using the next larger AWG bit. (Note that the AWG standard is not evenly spaced.) The designations "[MJ xx]" were assigned more or less arbitrarily to identify unmarked mouthpieces.
(back)

2. During a lesson in 1961, I asked Mr. Jones if he was familiar with Bach Cantata BWV 79 which I had been practicing. He replied that he was not familiar with it, but asked "Is that a high one?" Many years later, after Mr. Jones had passed away his son, Fred Jones, mentioned to me that his Dad had used a flugelhorn for a performance in particular of Bach Cantata BWV 79.
(back)

3. Ward Orison Fearn was born May 29, 1919 in Hastings, Nebraska, the son of Oris  C. and Calla Fern (Wary) Fearn. Following his graduation from Hastings High School he attended the University of Michigan for two years, before being awarded a four-year scholarship to the Curtis Institute of Music in 1938 where he studied with Anton Horner.  Upon graduation from Curtis in 1942 he joined the Philadelphia Orchestra as second horn, with James Chambers as principal, while Mason Jones was on leave, serving in the United States Maines. (One source states that he joined the orchestra while it was on tour in Orlando, Florida.) On September 6, 1942 he married Suzanne Elizabeth Morgan (1920 - 1965), whom he had met while at the University of Michigan. The couple had four children. Mr. Fearn served briefly in the U.S. Army in 1944. He continued as second horn with the Philadelphia Orchestra until 1965 and then took the same position with the Chamber Symphony of Philadelphia, founded and conducted by Anshel Brusilow. He was a regular first horn with Pablo Casals at the Prades Festival and later in Puerto Rico. Mr. Fearn taught at Temple Unversity and the Philadelphia Musical Academy (now The Pennsylvania Academy of the Arts) and had a large studio of private students, many of whom went on to professional careers. He was the author of Exercises for Flexible Horn Playing (Elkan-Vogel, 1965). In 1967 he moved to Tampa, Florida to  teach at the University of South Florida. He later joined the Florida Symphony Orchstra in Orlando and taught at Rollins College. He was also a fine jazz clarinetist and saxophonist and had worked his way through school playing in big bands. Mr. Fearn died September 13, 1985.
(back)







 
References
Betts, A. Kendall,  "Re: Ward Fearn", post to horn@music.memphis.edu, May 10, 2005

Blice, Carolyn,  "Ward Fearn", post to horn@music.memphis.edu, May 9, 2005


Home
 Send eMail to Dick Martz
Contents of this site and all original photographs copyright 1999-2014, Richard J.Martz
All rights reserved.